Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene

3D Printing with plants

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3D Printing with plants. According to Oak Ridge National Laboratory Scientists team and ORNL’s Amit Naskar,” They created a new material with excellent printability and performance by tapping into lignin—a key component of plant cell walls that provides sturdiness. Lignin is a current byproduct of the biofuels process that could become a valuable coproduct with this new use. The method combines lignin, rubber, carbon fibre and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, or ABS—commonly used in plastic toys—to 3D print structures with 100 per cent improved weld strength between the layers over ABS alone. To achieve this, we are building on our experience with lignin during the last five years. We will continue fine-tuning the material’s composition to make it even stronger.”

https://www.ornl.gov/

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3D Printing Materials: Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

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3D Printing Materials Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

ABS is a petroleum-based plastic.  ABS is non-biodegradable.  ABS is a strong and durable material.  Therefore it is used in various products including protective headgear, golf club heads, carrying cases, enclosures for electronic assemblies, kitchen appliances, and toys including Lego bricks.  ABS is soluble in acetone, i.e., nail polish remover.

ABS is extruded at temperatures of 210-250°C.  Heating up ABS causes fumes to be released.  These fumes are usually tolerable but may cause irritation in people with chemical sensitivities.  These fumes include chemicals that are known to be carcinogenic.  Therefore, 3D printing using ABS should be performed with caution and in places with adequate ventilation.

 

Wikipedia: ABS

3D Printing For Beginners: What Material Should I Use For 3D Printing?

Protoparadigm: The Difference Between ABS and PLA for 3D Printing

MakerBot: ABS Filament

http://reprap.org/wiki/ABS

3D Printing 101: PLA or ABS?