3D-printed Nintendo Switch

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According to All3dp and Howchoo, “In this video, I’ll teach you how to build your own Nintendo Switch mini arcade cabinet using a 3D printer and some other basic electronics. This cabinet will even charge your Switch while you play.”

[Project] 3D Print Your Own Nintendo Switch Arcade Cabinet

Nintendo Switch Arcade Cabinet


2019 Best Online 3D Printing Services

3D, 4D and 5D Printing vocabulary

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3D Printing

Through the computer-programmed deposition of material in successive layers to create a three-dimensional object.

4D Printing –

4D Printing adds the dimension of transformation over time.

5D Printing

Stereolithography for 3D printing

stereolithography apparatus, optical fabrication, photo-solidification, or resin printing) is a form of  3D printing technology used for creating models, prototypes, patterns, and production parts in a layer-by-layer fashion using photopolymerization, a process by which light causes chains of molecules to link, forming polymers.

Stereolithography for 4D printing

4D Printing is fundamentally based on stereolithography, where in most cases, ultraviolet light is used to cure the layered materials after the printing process has been completed.

Fiber Architecture

Most 4D printing systems utilize a network of fibers that vary in size and material properties. 4D printed components can be designed on the macro scale as well as the micro scale.

Hydro-reactive Polymers/Hydrogels for 4D Printing

Skylar Tibbits is the director of the Self-Assembly Lab at MIT and worked with the Stratasys Materials Group to produce a composite polymer composed of highly hydrophilic and non-active, rigid elements. The unique properties of these two disparate elements allowed up to 150% swelling of certain parts of the printed chain in water, whwoodenhe rigid elements set structure and angle constraints for the transformed chain. Tibbits et al. produced a chain that would spell “MIT” when submerged in water and another chain that would morph into a wireframe cube when subjected to the same conditions.

Cellulose Composites for 3D Printing –

Cellulose-based material that could be responsive to humidity. Wood composite materials change shape based on their printed grain direction and anisotropic swelling when water is absorbed. This work is 3D printed and studied on the macro scale rather than the micro scale, with layer heights at fractions of millimeters rather than microns. 

Thermo-reactive Polymers/Hydrogels for 4D Printing

Thermo-responsive material. This new type of 4D-printed hydrogel is more mechanically robust than other thermally actuating hydrogels. It shows potential in applications such as self-assembling structures, medical technology, soft robotics, and sensor technology. A fluid-controlling innovative valve printed from this material was designed to close when touching hot water and open when touching cold water. 

Digital Shape-Memory Polymers for 3D Printing –

SMPs can recover their original shape from a deformed shape under certain circumstances, such as when exposed to a temperature for some time. Depending on the polymer, there may be a variety of configurations that the material may take in several temperature conditions. Digital SMPs utilize 3D printing technology to precisely engineer the placement, geometry, and mixing and curing ratios of SMPs with differing properties, such as glass transition or crystal-melt transition temperatures.

Stress Relaxation for 4D Printing

4D Printing is a process in which a material assembly is created under stress that becomes “stored” within the material. This stress can later be released, causing an overall material shape change.

Thermal Photo-reactive Polymers for 4D Printing –

This type of polymeric actuation can be described as photo-induced stress relaxation.

3D Modeling –

CAD, 3D scanner –

3D Printing –

Before printing a 3D printing model from an STL file, it must be examined for an error. Most CAD applications produce errors in output STL files.

STL files –

Repair fixes in the original model.

3D scanner

A 3D scanner is a device that analyses a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance.


G-code is a language in which people tell computerized machine tools how to make something. The “how” is defined by g-code instructions provided to a machine controller (industrial computer) that tells the motors where to move, how fast to move, and what path to follow.

Laser printing

Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process. It produces high-quality text and graphics (and moderate-quality photographs) by repeatedly passing a laser beam back and forth over a negatively charged cylinder called a “drum” to define a differentially charged image. The drum then selectively collects electrically charged powdered ink toner and transfers the image to paper, which is then heated to fuse the text and/or imagery permanently. As with digital photocopiers, laser printers employ a xerographic printing process.

Injection moulding-

Injection moulding is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting material into a mold. Injection molding can be performed with various materials, mainly metals, glasses, confections, and, most commonly, thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers. Material for the part is fed into a heated barrel, mixed, and forced into a mould cavity, where it cools and hardens to the configuration of the cavity