365 days of 4D printing

Dr. 4D printing (4D printing is copycat of mother nature)

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Mr.Jonathan Stickland, is our specialist in 4d print technology. We know some of the parts of 4D printing. 4D printing is emerging technology.

4d printing would be useful for car manufacturing.The structured technology of 4d printing is designed for repairing damage without command cars can be safer with less regular maintenance and servicing 4d printing can be used to ensure that the manufacturing process of cities can be built on time efficient schedules.

This will benefits our future medical technologies. 🙂

 

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Mystery of 4D printer

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We always wonder it will be fun to buy 4D printer. But the 4D printers mystery is solved !!!!

Jenny is from BBC, she got in touch with the chief scientist, Professor Marc in het Panhuis.

What will be 4D printing future, where can we buy 4D printers, what technology are we using our product 4D printed. This is an advance technology.

For these questions, we need to go to this site.

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/32498842

Intelligent materials in 4D printing

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Intelligent materials in 4D printing.The fourth dimension in 4D printing refers to the ability of material objects to change form and function after they are produced, thereby intelligent materials are the important factor to make 4D printing products.
4D printing intelligent materials are self-healing material.

This technological trends can help deliver sustainable growth in future. 4D printing is large-scale deployment. Nowadays many intelligent materials and products are available commercially.
Several universities and research technologies continued worldwide academic research. However, there is a widely held view that existing intelligent materials could find far more widespread uses and the limited commercialized materials reflect in part the many misconceptions surrounding exactly what intelligent materials, where they can use.
One of the most influential ways of using intelligent materials is to adopt this new technology. 🙂

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/AA-11-2015-093

3D / 4D printing inflatable structure

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Nottingham Trent University  in Nottingham, England.

Professor Philip Breedon’s research interests and latest projects center on new and emerging technologies and materials. This includes wearable technologies, additive and subtractive manufacturing for medical applications, biomimetics, surgical robotics, augmented / virtual / immersive technologies and environments, and investigative research related to the utilization of ‘’ smart materials for medical applications. Phil believes that multidisciplinary research activity is a significant and major contributor in developing innovative research proposals. research interests and latest projects center on new and emerging technologies and materials. This includes wearable technologies, additive and subtractive manufacturing for medical applications, biomimetics, surgical robotics, augmented / virtual / immersive technologies and environments, and investigative research related to the utilisation of ‘smart materials’ for medical applications. Phil believes that multidisciplinary research activity is a significant and major contributor in developing innovative research proposals.His research interests and latest projects centre on new and emerging technologies and materials. This includes wearable technologies, additive and subtractive manufacturing for medical applications, biomimetics, surgical robotics, augmented / virtual / immersive technologies and environments, and investigative research related to the utilisation of ‘smart materials’ for medical applications. Phil believes that multidisciplinary research activity is a significant and major contributor in developing innovative research proposals.

https://www.ntu.ac.uk/staff-profiles/architecture-design-built-environment/philip-breedon

4D printed’ material

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Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is in Livermore California.

Researchers from the laboratory, add hollow gas-filled “micro-balloons” into silicone-based ink, the researchers engineered the material so it can be compressed or “programmed” at an elevated temperature, remaining in that state as it cools. When reheated, the gas in the micro-balloons expands, causing the structures to return to their original shape. When combined with 3D printing, this shape memory behavior is often referred to as “4D printing,” with the fourth dimension being time.

“The impressive part was how well the structures could recover their shape after they were reheated,” said LLNL researcher Amanda Wu, the lead author. “We didn’t see a distorted structure, we saw a fully recovered structure. Because the silicone network is completely cross-linked, it holds the part together, so the structure recovers its original shape in a predictable, repeatable way.”

In the beginning, the process was an accelerated aging test to see if the material would be useful. 4D printing took on a pretty large compression set and that made them think if it was permanent. We weren’t really thrilled about that, but researchers tried to see if it could recover its shape when heated. They tested it and it was a successful experiment.

https://www.llnl.gov/news/lab-researchers-achieve-4d-printed-material

4D Printing value $537.8 Million by 2025

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According to a new market research report, “4D Printing Market by Material (Programmable Carbon Fiber, Programmable Wood – Custom Printed Wood Grain, Programmable Textiles), End User (Aerospace, Automotive, Clothing, Construction, Defense, Healthcare & Utility) & Geography – Global Trends & Forecasts to 2019 – 2025 ”.

4D printing technology, being based on 3D printing technology, proposes a new business model to cater to this need of today’s businesses by lowering capital requirement, reducing time-to-market, and facilitating lower requirement of holding an inventory, thereby increasing the efficiency of the business.

Also, the self-transformation ability of 4D printed objects allows after-use-disposition of the object easier as it reacts to external stimuli, thus helping to maintain a sustainable environment in today’s situation of limited resources.

Published by MarketsandMarkets.

The total market is expected to reach $537.8 Million by 2025.

http://www.marketsandmarkets.com

http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/PressReleases/4d-printing.asp

4D Print’s Shape shifting Architecture

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4D Print’s Shape shifting Architecture


Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University. The team of scientists are working  to create transformable architectures.

“This work represents an elegant advance in programmable materials assembly, made possible by a multidisciplinary approach,” said Jennifer Lewis, senior author on the new study.

“Using one composite ink printed in a single step, we can achieve shape-changing hydrogel geometries containing more complexity than any other technique, and we can do so simply by modifying the print path,” said Gladman. “What’s more, we can interchange different materials to tune for properties such as conductivity or biocompatibility.”

Matsumoto said, Our mathematical model prescribes the printing pathways required to achieve the desired shape-transforming response. He also describe, we can control the curvature both discretely and continuously using our entirely tunable and programmable method.

This mathematical modeling inverse problem. 🙂

https://www.harvard.edu/

The emergence of “4D printing”

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The emergence of “4D printing”


Imagine things can replicate by itself an appropriate design. In my opinion, we need 4D printing to make water pipes for snowing region.:)
MIT researcher Skylar Tibbits works on self-assembly — the idea that instead of building something (a chair, a skyscraper).
He is an artist and computational architect. Skylar Tibbits is working on “smart” components that can assemble themselves.
3D printing has grown in sophistication since the late 1970s; TED Fellow Skylar Tibbits is shaping the next development, which he calls 4D printing, where the fourth dimension is time.
This emerging technology will allow us to print objects that then reshape themselves or self-assemble over time.
Think a printed cube that folds before your eyes, or a printed pipe able to sense the need to expand or contract.

http://www.selfassemblylab.net/

4D printed food (Hershey Chocolate)

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4D printed food (Hershey Chocolate)

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Hershey is well known for delicious chocolate.

More fun to eat chocolate with the tour, how they make 4D chocolate.

Taking family entertainment to a whole new dimension! The 4D Chocolate Mystery puts you inside all the fun. Through stunning digital animation and special effects, you become part of the show by interacting with the characters and helping solve the mystery.

Don’t eat too much:) Have Fun!!

 

https://www.hersheys.com/chocolateworld/en_us/experience/hersheys-great-chocolate-factory-mystery-in-4d.html

 

4D Printing

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4D Printing


4 D printing or 4 dimensional printing is similar to origami.

4D printing has same technique, we use in 3D printing.

3D printing is through computer programmed deposition of material in successive layers to create a three-dimensional object.

4D printing adds the dimension of transformation over time.

After the fabrication process, the printed product reacts with parameters within the environment (humidity, temperature, etc.,) and changes its form accordingly.

The ability to do so arises from the near infinite configurations at a micrometer resolution, creating solids with highly engineered molecular spatial distributions.

4D printing is a relatively new advance in bio-fabrication technology.

Rapidly emerging as a new thing.

Such as bio-engineering, materials science, chemistry, and computer sciences.

4D printing uses ultraviolet light to cure the layered materials after the printing process has completed.

Most 4D printing systems utilize a network of fibers that vary in size and material properties.

Fun part of 4D printing is,”Stress Relaxation”. 🙂

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four-dimensional_printing