A fabrication facility is a specialized laboratory or manufacturing center that develops and produces bio-fabricated materials, tissues, and organs. Biofabrication is an interdisciplinary field combining engineering, biology, and medical principles to create functional living tissues and organs. These facilities use various techniques, such as 3D printing, bioprinting, and tissue engineering, to create complex structures that can be used for multiple applications in medicine, research, and industry.
In a fabrication facility, researchers and technicians work together to design and fabricate tissues and organs using a variety of biomaterials, such as hydrogels and biodegradable polymers. These materials can be combined with living cells, growth factors, and other bioactive molecules to create structures that mimic the properties and functions of natural tissues and organs. The facility may also include specialized equipment, such as bioreactors and microfluidic devices, to help support the growth and development of the fabricated tissues and organs.
A fabrication facility aims to develop new technologies and therapies to address various medical needs, such as organ transplantation, tissue repair, and disease modeling. These facilities may collaborate with hospitals, research institutions, and industry partners to advance regenerative medicine and create new opportunities for improving human health.
According to Uniformed Services University and NASA, “Using 3D biological printers to produce usable human organs has long been a dream of scientists and doctors around the globe. However, printing the tiny, complex structures inside human organs, such as capillary structures, has proven difficult to accomplish in Earth’s gravity environment. Techshot designed its BioFabrication Facility (BFF) to print organ-like tissues in microgravity to overcome this challenge. It acts as a stepping stone in a long-term plan to manufacture whole human organs in space using refined biological 3D printing techniques.”