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3D Printing Materials: Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
ABS is a petroleum based plastic. ABS is non-biodegradable. ABS is a strong and durable material. Therefore it is used in various products including protective head gear, golf club heads, carrying cases, enclosures for electronic assemblies, kitchen appliances, and toys including Lego bricks. ABS is soluble in acetone, i.e., nail polish remover.
ABS is extruded at temperatures of 210-250°C. Heating up ABS causes fumes to be released. These fumes are usually tolerable but may cause irritation in people with chemical sensitivities. These fumes include chemicals that are known to be carcinogenic. Therefore, 3D printing using ABS should be performed with caution and in places with adequate ventilation.